- Polihierax semitorquatus
- Birds of Prey
The African Penguin lives on the southwest coast of Africa. It is also known as the Black-footed Penguin and is the only species of penguin to breed in Africa.
Pink glands around the eyes become darker or lighter depending on how hot the bird is feeling. The black and white plumage of these and other penguins provides camouflage for the bird when it is swimming. The black top and white bottom help the birds evade underwater predators. African Penguins are considered threatened due to egg poaching and habitat destruction or disruption. African Penguins also breed in a relatively small area, leaving the entire population vulnerable to any threat to their breeding grounds.
Pierre is a famous captive African Penguin who was given a custom penguin wetsuit to protect his skin where he experienced feather loss. In time the bald spots were restored.
|Hatched||Added to Birdorable on: 26 March 2010|
|Scientific Name||Spheniscus demersus|
(as of 29 March 2017)
26 to 28 inches
70 to 177 ounces
|Range||West Africa South Africa|