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Black Crowned-Crane

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About the Black Crowned-Crane

Also known as: Crowned Crane, Dark Crowned Crane, Northern Crowned Crane, Black-crowned Crane

The Black Crowned-Crane is a magnificent species of crane found in sub-Saharan parts of Africa. These birds have a mostly dark plumage, with white along the upper wings. They are named for their black body plumage and for the distinctive crown of golden feathers that they have on their heads.

The preferred habitat of Black Crowned-Cranes is freshwater marshes and wet grasslands. They are omnivorous and feed on plant material like grasses and seeds, as well as small prey items including insects and small vertebrates and invertebrates.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 20 March 2015
Scientific Name Balearica pavonina
  • Gruiformes
  • Gruidae
  • Balearica
  • B. pavonina
Birdorable Family Rails, Cranes & Friends
Conservation Status Vulnerable
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 19 July 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
39 to 41 inches
71 to 79 inches
106 to 141 ounces
Range West Africa Central Africa


The Black Crowned-Crane has a conservation status of Vulnerable to Extinction as of March 2015, with a decreasing population trend. The species faces threats from loss and degradation of habitat, hunting and illegal trade. Political instability across parts of its range hinder conservation efforts.

International Names

  • 黑冕鹤 (Chinese)
  • Jeřáb paví (Czech)
  • Sort Krontrane (Danish)
  • Zwarte Kroonkraanvogel (Dutch)
  • kruunukurki (Finnish)
  • Grue couronnée (French)
  • Kronenkranich (German)
  • Gru pavonina (Italian)
  • カンムリヅル [kammuriduru] (Japanese)
  • Svartkrontrane (Norwegian)
  • koronnik czarny (Polish)
  • Grou-coroado-preto (Portuguese)
  • Венценосный журавль (Russian)
  • Grulla Coronada Cuellinegra (Spanish)
  • Svart krontrana (Swedish)

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