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Black Tern

Black Woodpecker
Black Swan

Previous bird

Black Swan

  • Cygnus atratus
  • Ducks & Geese

About the Black Tern

The Black Tern's breeding habitat is freshwater marshes across most of Canada, the northern United States and much of Europe and western Asia. They usually nest either on floating material in a marsh or on the ground very close to water, laying 2-4 eggs.

North American Black terns migrate to the coasts of northern South America, some to the open ocean. Those in Europe winter in Africa.

The North American population has declined in recent times due to loss of habitat.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 20 July 2007
Scientific Name Chlidonias Niger
  • Charadriiformes
  • Sternidae
  • Chlidonias
  • C. niger
Birdorable Family Terns & Gulls
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 29 July 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
9.75 inches
24 inches
2.2 ounces
Range West Europe East Europe North Europe South Europe West Asia Central Asia East Asia Southeast Asia South Asia North Africa West Africa Central Africa East Africa South Africa North America Central America Caribbean South America United States (West) United States (East) Australia and New Zealand Oceania

International Names

  • Trinta-réis-negro (Brazilian)
  • 黑浮鸥 (Chinese)
  • Rybák černý (Czech)
  • Sortterne (Danish)
  • Zwarte Stern (Dutch)
  • Mustatiira (Finnish)
  • Guifette Noire (French)
  • Trauerseeschwalbe (German)
  • Mignattino (Italian)
  • ハシグロクロハラアジサシ (Hashigurokuroharaajisashi) (Japanese)
  • 검은제비갈매기 (Korean)
  • Svartterne (Norwegian)
  • Rybitwa Czarna (Polish)
  • Крачка черная (Russian)
  • fumarel Común (Spanish)
  • Svarttärna (Swedish)