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Black Woodpecker

Black-and-white Warbler
Black Tern

Previous bird

Black Tern

  • Chlidonias Niger
  • Terns & Gulls

About the Black Woodpecker

Also known as: Great Black Woodpecker

The Black Woodpecker is a large (approximately 18 inches long) species of woodpecker that lives across northern parts of Eurasia. The species is expanding westward into northwest Europe.

Black Woodpeckers have an overall black body plumage, with a red crown. In males the red extends over the entire top of the head; in females the red only appears in the back. The feathers end in a scraggly crest at the back of the head.

Black Woodpeckers prefer to nest in old forests, using tree cavities for nesting. They feed on insects found by drilling into dead tree bark.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 01 August 2010
Scientific Name Dryocopus martius
  • Piciformes
  • Picidae
  • Dryocopus
  • D. martius
Birdorable Family Woodpeckers
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 15 September 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
17.7 to 18.5 inches
25.2 to 30.7 inches
Range West Europe East Europe North Europe South Europe West Asia Central Asia East Asia

International Names

  • datel černý (Czech)
  • Sortspætte (Danish)
  • Zwarte Specht (Dutch)
  • palokärki (Finnish)
  • Pic noir (French)
  • Schwarzspecht (German)
  • Picchio nero (Italian)
  • クマゲラ (kumagera) (Japanese)
  • 가막딱다구리 (Korean)
  • Svartspett (Norwegian)
  • dzięcioł czarny (Polish)
  • Черный дятел (Russian)
  • Picamaderos Negro (Spanish)
  • Spillkråka (Swedish)

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The Black Woodpecker, Dryocopus martius, is native to northern parts of Eurasia. They can be identified by their large size (about 18 inches long) and their all-black plumage. Black Woodpeckers sport a ... more