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Caspian Gull

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  • Hydroprogne caspia
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About the Caspian Gull

Also known as: Jolly Gull, Pontic Gull

The Caspian Gull is a large species of gull found across parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa. They breed around the Black Sea and Caspian Sea into northwest China.

The Caspian Gull was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Herring Gull, which itself is split into European / American by some taxonomies. These gulls are closely related to the Lesser Black-backed Gull and different authorities split or lump up to eight different species, including the Caspian Gull, in different ways.

Caspian Gulls are omnivorous, opportunistic feeders. They feed on fish and invertebrates they forage for themselves, but they also steal food from other gulls. They also prey upon small mammals and reptiles, scavenge food from trash, and snatch eggs from other birds.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 02 December 2014
Scientific Name Larus cachinnans
  • Charadriiformes
  • Laridae
  • Larus
  • L. cachinnans
Birdorable Family Terns & Gulls
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 25 September 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
22 to 27 inches
24 to 56 ounces
Range West Europe East Europe West Asia Central Asia North Africa

International Names

  • 黄腿鸥 (Chinese)
  • racek bělohlavý (Czech)
  • Kaspisk Måge (Danish)
  • Pontische Meeuw (Dutch)
  • aroharmaalokki (Finnish)
  • Goéland pontique (French)
  • Steppenmöwe (German)
  • Gabbiano reale (Italian)
  • キアシセグロカモメ [Kiashi-seguro-kamome] (Japanese)
  • 카스피해갈매기 (Korean)
  • Kaspimåke (Norwegian)
  • mewa białogłowa (Polish)
  • Gaivota-de-patas-amarelas (Portuguese)
  • Хохотунья (Russian)
  • Gaviota de Patas Amarillas (Spanish)
  • Kaspisk trut (Swedish)