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Caspian Tern

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Caspian Gull

  • Larus cachinnans
  • Terns & Gulls

About the Caspian Tern

Also known as: Taranui (New Zealand)

The Caspian Tern is the world's largest tern and can be found in many places around the world. Its breeding habitat is large lakes and ocean coasts in North America (including the Great Lakes), locally in Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Caspian Terns in North America migrate to southern coasts, the West Indies and northermost South America. European and Asian birds winter in the Old World tropics, and those in Africa and around Australia are resident or dispere over short distances.

Adult birds have black legs, and a long thick red-orange bill with a small black tip. Caspian Terns have a white head with a black cap and white neck, belly and tail, and its upper wings and back are pale grey.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 20 July 2007
Scientific Name Hydroprogne caspia
  • Charadriiformes
  • Sternidae
  • Sterna
  • S. caspia
Birdorable Family Terns & Gulls
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 28 July 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
19 to 22 inches
50 to 55 inches
Range West Europe East Europe North Europe South Europe West Asia Central Asia East Asia Southeast Asia South Asia North Africa West Africa Central Africa East Africa South Africa North America Central America Caribbean South America United States (West) United States (East) Australia and New Zealand Oceania

International Names

  • 红嘴巨鸥 (Chinese)
  • Rybák Velkozobý (Czech)
  • Rovterne (Danish)
  • Reuzenstern (Dutch)
  • Räyskä (Finnish)
  • Sterne Caspienne (French)
  • Raubseeschwalbe (German)
  • Sterna Maggiore (Italian)
  • オニアジサシ (Oniajisashi) (Japanese)
  • 붉은부리큰제비갈매기 (Korean)
  • Rovterne (Norwegian)
  • Rybitwa Wielkodzioba (Polish)
  • Крачка чеграва (Russian)
  • Pagaza Piquirroja (Spanish)
  • Skräntärna (Swedish)

Related articles

Ten Facts About the Caspian Tern

Ten Facts About the Caspian Tern

Here are ten interesting facts about the Caspian Tern: The Caspian Tern is the world's largest tern species. The Caspian Tern's diet consists almost entirely of fish. Unlike many other tern species, the Caspian Tern ... more