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Common Crane

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  • Somateria mollissima
  • Ducks & Geese
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  • Buteo buteo
  • Birds of Prey

About the Common Crane

Also known as: Crane, Eurasian Crane, European Crane, Grey Crane, Gray Crane

The Common Crane is a medium-sized species of Old World crane. They are migratory, with a large breeding range that spans across much of Eastern Europe through Asia. They winter in northern and eastern Africa, southern Europe, parts of the Middle East, and far eastern Asia.

While breeding season will find these birds in solitary pairs, they are fairly gregarious outside of breeding, with flocks of up to 400 birds staying together during migration and flocks of thousands of cranes congregating on staging grounds.

Though the Common Crane is now extirpated from Ireland (they are no longer found in the wild there), the species figures in Irish folklore and culture. The bird has been absent from Ireland for more than 200 years. Despite this and other local extirpations, the species is not globally threatened.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 18 March 2015
Scientific Name Grus grus
  • Gruiformes
  • Gruidae
  • Grus
  • G. grus
Birdorable Family Rails, Cranes & Friends
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 7 September 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
40 to 52 inches
71 to 96 inches
106 to 215 ounces
Range East Europe South Europe West Asia Central Asia East Asia North Africa East Africa South Asia

International Names

  • 灰鹤 (Chinese)
  • jeřáb popelavý (Czech)
  • Trane (Danish)
  • Kraanvogel (Dutch)
  • kurki (Finnish)
  • Grue cendrée (French)
  • Kranich (German)
  • Gru cenerina (Italian)
  • クロヅル [kuroduru] (Japanese)
  • 검은목두루미 (Korean)
  • Trane (Norwegian)
  • żuraw (Polish)
  • Grou-comum (Portuguese)
  • Серый журавль (Russian)
  • Grulla Común (Spanish)
  • Trana (Swedish)

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