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Common Loon

Common Merganser
Common Kingfisher

About the Common Loon

Also known as: Great Northern Diver

The Common Loon, or Great Northern Diver, is a large species of diving bird. These duck-like birds breed in Canada, parts of the northern United States, Greenland, Alaska, and Iceland. It winters on a wider range in Northern Europe and the British Isles, as well as coastal areas in North America.

Common Loons are specialist fishers and catch their prey underwater, diving as deep as 200 feet (60 meters). They make nests of dirt and vegetation, usually close to or on the water. Chicks are semi-precocial, able to leave the nest within a day of hatching. Young birds often brood on the back of a parent, which is super-cute. The Common Loon is the state bird of Minnesota.

The natural range of the Common Loon is quite large and as of September 2014 the conservation status for this species is Least Concern.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 12 May 2008
Scientific Name Gavia immer
  • Gaviiformes
  • Gaviidae
  • Gavia
  • G. immer
Birdorable Family Loons & Grebes
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 28 September 2017)
Measurements
Units: Imperial Metric
26 to 35.8 inches
40.9 to 51.6 inches
88.2 to 215.2 ounces
Range West Europe East Europe North Europe South Europe West Asia East Asia North Africa North America Central America United States (West) United States (East)

International Names

  • 普通潜鸟 (Chinese)
  • Potáplice Lední (Czech)
  • Islom (Danish)
  • IJsduiker (Dutch)
  • Amerikanjääkuikka (Finnish)
  • Plongeon Huard / Plongeon Imbrin (French)
  • Eistaucher (German)
  • Strolaga Maggiore (Italian)
  • ハシグロアビ (Hashiguroabi) (Japanese)
  • 아비 (Abi) (Korean)
  • Islom (Norwegian)
  • Nur Lodowiec (Polish)
  • Полярная гагара (Russian)
  • Gavia Immer / Colimbo Grande (Spanish)
  • Svartnäbbad Islom (Swedish)

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