Add to favorites
Corn Crake

Crested Auklet
Cooper's Hawk

Previous bird

Cooper's Hawk

  • Accipiter cooperii
  • Birds of Prey

About the Corn Crake

Also known as: Corncrake, Landrail, European Corn Crake, Grass Quail, Land Rail

The Corn Crake, or Corncrake, is a type of rail that breeds across temperate Europe and Asia. They migrate to southern Africa for the winter.

Corn Crakes are highly secretive, and hard to see in both breeding territory and wintering grounds. They nest among tall vegetation and are most active early in the day and near dusk (crepuscular). On the wintering grounds, they are usually solitary.

While the species has a conservation status of Least Concern, populations across Europe have declined dramatically. In the UK in particular the species is of high concern; a reintroduction progam has been established in England and is celebrating the successful return of the Corncrake.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 21 August 2012
Scientific Name Crex crex
  • Gruiformes
  • Rallidae
  • Crex
  • C. crex
Birdorable Family Rails, Cranes & Friends
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 28 September 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
10.6 to 11.8 inches
16.5 to 20.9 inches
5.1 to 5.8 ounces
Range West Europe East Europe West Asia Central Asia South Africa

International Names

  • 长脚秧鸡 (Chinese)
  • chřástal polní (Czech)
  • Engsnarre (Danish)
  • Kwartelkoning (Dutch)
  • ruisrääkkä (Finnish)
  • Râle des genêts (French)
  • Wachtelkönig (German)
  • Re di quaglie (Italian)
  • ウズラクイナ [uzurakuina] (Japanese)
  • Åkerrikse (Norwegian)
  • derkacz (Polish)
  • Обыкновенный коростель (Russian)
  • Guión de Codornices (Spanish)
  • Kornknarr (Swedish)

Related articles

A Real Loudbeak

A Real Loudbeak

The Corn Crake is a migratory species of rail that breeds across temperate parts of Eurasia and winters in southern Africa. When they return to their breeding grounds in the spring, male ... more