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Dark-eyed Junco

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About the Dark-eyed Junco

The Dark-eyed Junco is the best-known species of junco. Adult Dark-eyed Juncos are generally grey on top with a white belly. There are several sub-species of Dark-eyed Junco, each with a different appearance. The slate-colored subspecies is shown here, but in total we have six different subspecies in the cute Birdorable style.

Juvenile Juncos often have pale streaks and may even be mistaken for a Vesper Sparrow until they acquire adult plumage at 2 to 3 months.

The breeding habitat of these birds is coniferous or mixed forest areas throughout North America. Juncos usually nest in a cup shaped depression on the ground, well hidden by vegetation or other material, although the Junco is sometimes found in the lower branches of a shrub or tree. The nests of these birds have an outer diameter of about 10cm and are lined with fine grasses and hair.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 15 September 2006
Scientific Name Junco hyemalis
  • Passeriformes
  • Emberizidae
  • Junco
  • J. hyemalis
Birdorable Family Sparrows
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 28 July 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
5.5 to 6.3 inches
7.1 to 9.8 inches
.6 to 1.1 ounces
Range North America United States (West) United States (East)

International Names

  • 暗眼灯草鹀 (Chinese)
  • Strnadec Zimní (Czech)
  • Mørkøjet Junco (Danish)
  • Grijze Junco (Dutch)
  • Tummajunkko (Finnish)
  • Junco Ardoisé (French)
  • Junko (German)
  • Junco Occhiscuri (Italian)
  • ユキヒメドリ (Yukihimedori) (Japanese)
  • Vinterjunko (Norwegian)
  • Junko (Polish)
  • Серый юнко (Russian)
  • Junco Pizarroso (Spanish)
  • Mörkögd Junco (Swedish)

Related articles & downloads

Dark-eyed Juncos: 10 Fun Facts

Dark-eyed Juncos: 10 Fun Facts

Dark-eyed Juncos are small migratory songbirds that live across parts of North America. Here are some cool facts about the Dark-eyed Junco: 1) Because of their high population (estimated at 630 million ... more