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Downy Woodpecker


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  • Calidris alpina
  • Plovers & Shorebirds
Double-crested Cormorant

About the Downy Woodpecker

The Downy Woodpecker is the smallest woodpecker in North America. Their breeding habitat is forested areas, mainly deciduous, across most of North America to Central America. They nest in a tree cavity, excavated by the nesting pair in a dead tree or limb. The Downy Woodpecker can also be found east of Newfoundland and Labrador, on the islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.

These birds are mostly permanent residents. Northern birds may migrate further south; birds in mountainous areas may move to lower elevations. Downy Woodpeckers roost in tree cavities in the winter.

Downy Woodpeckers forage on trees, picking the bark surface in summer and digging deeper in winter. They mainly eat insects, also seeds and berries.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 05 August 2007
Scientific Name Picoides pubescens
  • Piciformes
  • Picidae
  • Picoides
  • P. pubescens
Birdorable Family Woodpeckers
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 28 September 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
5.5 to 6.7 inches
9.8 to 11.8 inches
.7 to 1 ounces
Range North America United States (West) United States (East)

International Names

  • 绒啄木鸟 (Chinese)
  • Strakapoud Osikový (Czech)
  • Dværgflagspætte (Danish)
  • Donsspecht (Dutch)
  • Keijutikka (Finnish)
  • Pic Mineur (French)
  • Dunenspecht (German)
  • Picchio Vellutato (Italian)
  • セジロコゲラ (Sejirokogera) (Japanese)
  • Dunspett (Norwegian)
  • Dzieciol Kosmaty (Polish)
  • Пушистый дятел (Russian)
  • Pico Pubescente (Spanish)
  • Dunspett (Swedish)