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Eurasian Collared Dove

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  • Fulica atra
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About the Eurasian Collared Dove

Also known as: Collared Dove

The Eurasian Collared Dove is one of the great colonisers of the avian world. Its original range was warmer temperate regions from southeastern Europe to Japan. However, in the twentieth century it expanded across the rest of Europe, reaching as far west as Great Britain by 1953, and Ireland soon after. It also now breeds north of the Arctic Circle in Scandinavia. It was introduced into the Bahamas in the 1970s and spread to Florida by 1982. Its stronghold in North America is still the Gulf Coast, but it is now found as far south as Veracruz, as far west as California, and as far north as British Columbia and the Great Lakes.

This small dove is grey with a darker back. It has a black half-collar on its nape from which it gets its name. It forms sizeable winter flocks where there are food supplies such as grain.

Doves have been domesticated for thousands of years. The domestic Ringneck Dove is probably a descendant of the Eurasian or African Collared Dove. A mutation causes some doves to be completely white, and these are often used as release doves for formal occasions.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 30 March 2008
Scientific Name Streptopelia decaocto
  • Columbiformes
  • Columbidae
  • Streptopelia
  • S. decaocto
Birdorable Family Pigeons & Doves
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 15 September 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
11.4 to 11.8 inches
13.8 inches
4.9 to 6.3 ounces
Range West Europe East Europe North Europe South Europe West Asia Central Asia East Asia South Asia North Africa

International Names

  • Hrdlička Zahradní (Czech)
  • Tyrkerdue (Danish)
  • Turkse Tortel (Dutch)
  • Turkinkyyhky (Finnish)
  • Tourterelle Turque (French)
  • Türkentaube (German)
  • Tortora dal Collare Orientale (Italian)
  • シラコバト (Shirakobato) (Japanese)
  • 염주비둘기 (Yeomjubidulgi) (Korean)
  • Tyrkerdue (Norwegian)
  • Sierpówka (Polish)
  • Кольчатая горлица (Russian)
  • Tórtola Turca (Spanish)
  • Turkduva (Swedish)

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Eurasian Collared Dove

Eurasian Collared Dove

The Eurasian Collared Dove originates from temperate parts of Europe through Asia to Japan. The species has expanded across a much larger region in the 20th century and can now be found ... more