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European Greenfinch

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  • Erithacus rubecula
  • Thrushes & Mimids
European Goldfinch

About the European Greenfinch

Also known as: Greenfinch, Common Greenfinch, Western Greenfinch, Eurasian Greenfinch

The Greenfinch is a small bird that lives throughout Europe, northern parts of Africa, and southwestern Asia. They are named for their green body plumage; they also have yellow feathers on the edges of the wings. Males are typically brighter in color than females.

Greenfinches have typical finch beaks, conical in shape. Like other birds of the finch family, they feed primarily on seeds. They may also feed on berries.

Greenfinches are feeder birds in their range, common visitors to garden feeding stations throughout Europe.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 17 July 2010
Scientific Name Carduelis chloris
  • Passeriformes
  • Fringillidae
  • Carduelis
  • C. chloris
Birdorable Family Finches
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 28 July 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
5.9 inches
9.6 to 10.8 inches
Range West Europe East Europe North Europe South Europe West Asia Central Asia North Africa

International Names

  • Verdelhão (Brazilian)
  • zvonek zelený (Czech)
  • Grønirisk (Danish)
  • Groenling (Dutch)
  • viherpeippo (Finnish)
  • Verdier d'Europe (French)
  • Grünling (German)
  • Verdone eurasiatico (Italian)
  • オオカワラヒワ (aokawarahiwa) (Japanese)
  • Grønnfink (Norwegian)
  • dzwoniec (Polish)
  • Обыкновенная зеленушка (Russian)
  • Verderón Común (Spanish)
  • Grönfink (Swedish)

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Bonanza Bird #11: The Greenfinch

Bonanza Bird #11: The Greenfinch

For 18 days we're adding a new Birdorable bird every day as part of our Birdorable Bonanza 2010. Today's bird is the European Greenfinch, shown above with two other common European feeder ... more