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European Roller

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  • Phalacrocorax aristotelis
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  • Erithacus rubecula
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About the European Roller

Also known as: Blue Roller, Common Roller, Eurasian Roller, Roller

The European Roller is one of twelve species of roller found in the world. European Rollers live in southern parts of Europe and parts of Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.

Like other roller species, the European is colorful, with a beautiful shades of blue and green on the body, and an orange-brown back.

European Rollers feed on insects, rodents, and reptiles that it hunts on the ground.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 11 December 2011
Scientific Name Coracias garrulus
  • Coraciiformes
  • Coraciidae
  • Coracias
  • C. garrulus
Birdorable Family Kingfishers & Friends
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 28 July 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
11.4 to 12.6 inches
20.4 to 22.8 inches
4.5 to 5.4 ounces
Range West Europe East Europe South Europe West Asia North Africa West Africa Central Africa East Africa

International Names

  • mandelík hajní (Czech)
  • Ellekrage (Danish)
  • Scharrelaar (Dutch)
  • sininärhi (Finnish)
  • Rollier d'Europe (French)
  • Blauracke (German)
  • Ghiandaia marina europea (Italian)
  • ニシブッポウソウ (nishibuppousou) (Japanese)
  • Blåråke (Norwegian)
  • kraska (Polish)
  • Обыкновенная сизоворонка (Russian)
  • Carraca Europea (Spanish)
  • Blåkråka (Swedish)

Related articles

Baby European Rollers' unique defense

Baby European Rollers' unique defense

Spanish researchers have discovered that baby European Rollers have an unconventional method of deterring potential predators. The young birds will "vomit a smelly orange liquid when scared by predators." The act serves ... more
Let The Good Birds Roll

Let The Good Birds Roll

We've recently added three new Birdorable birds from the roller family: the European Roller; the Lilac-breasted Roller; and the Blue-bellied Roller. There are twelve species of roller extant today. Rollers are similar ... more