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Gentoo Penguin

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  • Melanerpes uropygialis
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About the Gentoo Penguin

Also known as: Johnny Penguin

The Gentoo Penguin is a species of penguin that lives around the Antarctic. Their preferred habitat is a rocky substrate, rather than ice- or snow-covered landscape.

Gentoo Penguins are closely related to Adelie Penguins and Chinstrap Penguins. They can easily be distinguised from these species by their orange-red bills and feet.

Awkward on land, Gentoo Penguins swim gracefully in water and maintain a diet mainly consisting of krill and small fish. They breed communally in groups of up to a few hundred pairs.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 28 July 2012
Scientific Name Pygoscelis papua
  • Sphenisciformes
  • Spheniscidae
  • Pygoscelis
  • P. papua
Birdorable Family Penguins
Conservation Status Near Threatened
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 28 July 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
31.5 inches
35.3 ounces
Range Antarctic


From IUCN Red List:
The Gentoo Penguin is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2012 by BirdLife International. This species qualifies as Near Threatened because, while some populations have apparently increased, rapid declines in some key populations are suspected to be driving a moderately rapid global population decline.

International Names

  • 白眉企鹅 (Chinese)
  • tučňák oslí (Czech)
  • Æselpingvin (Danish)
  • Ezelspinguïn (Dutch)
  • valkokulmapingviini (Finnish)
  • Manchot papou (French)
  • Eselspinguin (German)
  • Pinguino Papua (Italian)
  • ジエンツアペンギン [jentsu-pengin] (Japanese)
  • Bøylepingvin (Norwegian)
  • pingwin bialobrewy (Polish)
  • Папуасский пингвин (Russian)
  • Pingüino Juanito (Spanish)
  • Åsnepingvin (Swedish)

Related articles

Bonanza Bird #19: Gentoo Penguin

Bonanza Bird #19: Gentoo Penguin

Today another penguin joins Birdorable! Here is our cute Gentoo Penguin. This special flightless bird lives across parts of the Antarctic. Gentoo Penguins are closely related to Adelie Penguins and Chinstrap Penguins. Unlike ... more