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Green Heron

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About the Green Heron

Also known as: Little Green Heron, Green-backed Heron, Poke, Chucklehead, Chalkline, Fly-up-the-creek

The Green Heron is a small species of heron fouund across parts of the Americas. In the United States, the range covers the eastern half of the country as well as the Pacific coast. They remain year-round in the southern parts of the range, while other birds migrate between northern breeding grounds and southern wintering grounds.

Green Herons feed mainly on fish, as well as aquatic invertebrates like worms and leeches, plus snails, snakes, and frogs. They often hunt by standing still on a perch above deep water or by standing in shallow water. There they watch the water for potential prey items.

The Green Heron is known to use bait to attract fish. They have been recorded dropping bits of bread, insects, and leaves into the water in an attempt to lure in fish. They are among just a few bird species known to use tools.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 22 June 2015
Scientific Name Butorides virescens
  • Pelecaniformes
  • Ardeidae
  • Butorides
  • B. virescens
Birdorable Family Egrets & Other Waders
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 20 February 2017)
Measurements
Units: Imperial Metric
16.1 to 18.1 inches
25.2 to 26.8 inches
8.5 ounces
Range North America Central America Caribbean South America United States (West) United States (East)

International Names

  • 美洲绿鹭 (Chinese)
  • volovka zelenavá (Czech)
  • Krabbehejre (Danish)
  • Groene Reiger (Dutch)
  • amerikankyyryhaikara (Finnish)
  • Héron vert (French)
  • Grünreiher (German)
  • Airone verde (Italian)
  • アメリカササゴイ [amerikasasagoi] (Japanese)
  • Grønnrygghegre (Norwegian)
  • czapla zielona (Polish)
  • Socó-mirím (Portuguese)
  • Американская зелёная кваква (Russian)
  • Garcita verdosau (Spanish)
  • grönryggig häger (Swedish)

Related articles & downloads

Green Heron Facts

Green Heron Facts

Here are some interesting facts about the Green Heron, one of our newest Birdorable birds!The Green Heron has had some interesting colloquial names, including Fly-up-the-creek, Poke, Chalkline, Indian Hen, and Chucklehead.Some Green ... more
Green Heron Coloring Page

Green Heron Coloring Page

The Green Heron is a small species of heron found across parts of the Americas. They feed mainly on fish and small aquatic animals. Adult Green Herons have dark green feathers at ... more