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Hairy Woodpecker
Gull-billed Tern

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Gull-billed Tern

  • Gelochelidon nilotica
  • Terns & Gulls

About the Gyrfalcon

Also known as: Gray Gyrfalcon, Gyr, Gyr Falcon, Iceland Falcon, Gerfalcon, Gyrkin

The Gyrfalcon (pronounced as "jeer-falcon" or "djer-falcon") is the largest species of falcon in the world. Gyrfalcons live across parts of northern North America, including much of Canada. They breed in the high arctic and surrounding territory. They live and breed elsewhere in the far north of the Northern Hemisphere.

Gyrfalcons feed on other birds, taking prey on the wing with their amazing flying skills. They also feed on mammals up to the size of marmots.

Gyrfalcons come in a variety of color morphs. Our Birdorable bird is a white morph; Gyrfalcons may also be silver, gray, or black.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 22 May 2012
Scientific Name Falco rusticolus
  • Falconiformes
  • Falconidae
  • Falco
  • F. rusticolus
Birdorable Family Birds of Prey
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 27 September 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
18.9 to 25.2 inches
48.4 inches
28.2 to 74.1 ounces
Range North Europe North America United States (West) United States (East) Arctic

International Names

  • raroh lovecký (Czech)
  • Jagtfalk (Danish)
  • Giervalk (Dutch)
  • tunturihaukka (Finnish)
  • Faucon gerfaut (French)
  • Gerfalke (German)
  • Girfalco (Italian)
  • シロハヤブサ [shirohayabusa] (Japanese)
  • Jaktfalk (Norwegian)
  • białozór (Polish)
  • Кречет (Russian)
  • Halcón Gerifalte (Spanish)
  • Jaktfalk (Swedish)