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Macaroni Penguin

Magnificent Frigatebird
Lord Howe Woodhen

Previous bird

Lord Howe Woodhen

  • Gallirallus sylvestris
  • Rails, Cranes & Friends

About the Macaroni Penguin

Also known as: Royal Penguin
The Macaroni Penguin is a crested species of penguin found across parts of the Subantarctic. They feed on a variety of small crustacean prey, like little fish and krill.

Macaroni Penguins are named after a fashion trend of the early 19th century. When the bird was first described for science, a flamboyant style of dress featuring bold ornamentation was known as maccaronism. The shaggy yellow crest of the Macaroni Penguin was likened to the fashion trend and the bird's common name stuck.

Although the Macaroni Penguin is considered to be Vulnerable to extinction, it is the most abundant species of penguin, with about 18 million birds in the global population.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 15 December 2016
Scientific Name Eudyptes chrysolophus
  • Sphenisciformes
  • Spheniscidae
  • Eudyptes
  • E. chrysolophus
Birdorable Family Penguins
Conservation Status Vulnerable
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 23 July 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
28 inches
112 to 208 ounces
Range Antarctic


From IUCN Red List:
The Macaroni Penguin is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2013 by BirdLife International. This species qualifies as Vulnerable because the global population appears to have declined rapidly over the last three generations (36 years). The primary drivers of declines are uncertain but could include climatic variation and competition for food from commercial fisheries.

International Names

  • Pingüim-de-testa-amarela (Brazilian)
  • 长眉企鹅 (Chinese)
  • tučňák žlutorohý (Czech)
  • Guldlokket Pingvin (Danish)
  • Macaronipinguïn (Dutch)
  • kultatöyhtöpingviini (Finnish)
  • Gorfou doré (French)
  • Goldschopfpinguin (German)
  • Pinguino macaroni (Italian)
  • マカロニペンギン [makaronipengin] (Japanese)
  • Gulltoppingvin (Norwegian)
  • pingwin zlotoczuby (Polish)
  • Pinguim-de-testa-amarela (Portuguese)
  • Золотоволосый пингвин (Russian)
  • Pingüino de macarrones (Spanish)
  • macaronipingvin (Swedish)