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Northern Bald Ibis

Northern Bobwhite
Newell's Shearwater

About the Northern Bald Ibis

Also known as: Hermit Ibis, Waldrapp

The Northern Bald Ibis is a non-wading species of Ibis with a feather-free head. The species feeds primarily on lizards and beetles, and will also eat small mammals, invertebrates and even small birds. Along with the Southern Bald Ibis, these birds prefer arid landscape to wetlands and will breed on cliffs rather than in trees, separating them from other ibis species.

These large birds have black feathers with iridescence in shades of green and violet. They have scruffy crests on the back of the neck and red legs and bills.

The Northern Bald Ibis is a critically endangered species originally native to the Middle East, north Africa and south Europe. The species is no longer found in Europe and is unfortunately declining in its remaining range. The bulk of the population today is a 500+ bird group in Morocco. There are approximately 1100 Northern Bald Ibises living in captivity.

Interestingly, the Northern Bald Ibis became one of the world's first protected species by decree of the Archbishop Leonhard of Salzburg in 1504. Despite this status the species still died out in Austria, along with the rest of Europe.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 08 April 2010
Scientific Name Geronticus eremita
  • Ciconiiformes
  • Threskiornithidae
  • Geronticus
  • G. eremita
Birdorable Family Egrets & Other Waders
Conservation Status Critically Endangered
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 27 January 2017)
Measurements
Units: Imperial Metric
28 to 31 inches
49 to 53 inches
35 to 46 ounces
Range South Europe West Asia North Africa West Africa East Africa

Conservation

The Northern Bald Ibis is a critically endangered species originally native to the Middle East, north Africa and south Europe. The species is no longer found in Europe and is unfortunately declining in its remaining range. The bulk of the population today is a 500+ bird group in Morocco. There are approximately 1100 Northern Bald Ibises living in captivity. Interestingly, the Northern Bald Ibis became one of the world's first protected species by decree of the Archbishop Leonhard of Salzburg in 1504. Despite this status the species still died out in Austria, along with the rest of Europe.

International Names

  • Ibis Skalní (Czech)
  • Eremitibis (Danish)
  • Heremietibis (Dutch)
  • Töyhtöiibis (Finnish)
  • Ibis Chauve (French)
  • Waldrapp (German)
  • Ibis Eremita (Italian)
  • ホオアカトキ (Hooakatoki) (Japanese)
  • Skalletibis (Norwegian)
  • Ibis Grzywiasty (Polish)
  • Ибис лесной (Russian)
  • Ibis Eremita (Spanish)
  • Eremitibis (Swedish)

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Northern Bald Ibis

Northern Bald Ibis

We recently added the Northern Bald Ibis to Birdorable. This bird is a non-wading species of Ibis with a feather-free head. Along with the Southern Bald Ibis, these birds prefer arid landscape ... more