Add to favorites
Rock Pigeon

Rockhopper Penguin
Roadside Hawk

Previous bird

Roadside Hawk

  • Buteo magnirostris
  • Birds of Prey

About the Rock Pigeon

Also known as: Feral Pigeon, Domestic Pigeon, City Dove, City Pigeon, Pigeon

The Rock Pigeon is a member of the bird family Columbidae, doves and pigeons. It has a restricted natural resident range in western and southern Europe, North Africa, and into southwest Asia. Its habitat is natural cliffs, usually on coasts. Its domesticated form, the feral pigeon, has been widely introduced elsewhere, and is common, especially in cities, over much of the world. In Britain, Ireland, and much of its former range, the Rock Pigeon probably only occurs pure in the most remote areas. A Rock Pigeon's life span is anywhere from 3 to 5 years in the wild to 15 years in captivity, though longer-lived specimens have been reported.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 15 September 2006
Scientific Name Columba livia
  • Columbiformes
  • Columbidae
  • Columba
  • C. livia
Birdorable Family Pigeons & Doves
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 30 July 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
12 to 14 inches
24 to 27 inches
Range West Europe East Europe North Europe South Europe West Asia Central Asia East Asia Southeast Asia South Asia North Africa West Africa Central Africa East Africa South Africa North America Central America Caribbean South America United States (West) United States (East) Australia and New Zealand Oceania

International Names

  • Pombo-doméstico (Brazilian)
  • 原鸽 (Chinese)
  • Holub Skalní (Czech)
  • Klippedue (Danish)
  • Rotsduif (Dutch)
  • Kesykyyhky (Finnish)
  • Pigeon biset (French)
  • Stadttaube (German)
  • Piccione Selvatico (Italian)
  • カワラバト(ドバト) (Kawarabato) (Japanese)
  • 양비둘기 (Yangbidulgi), 집비둘기 (Jipbidulgi) or 비둘기 (Bidulgi) (Korean)
  • Bydue (Norwegian)
  • Gołąb skalny (Polish)
  • Сизый голубь (Russian)
  • Columba livia (Spanish)
  • Klippduva (Swedish)

Related articles

Birdorable 2.0

Birdorable 2.0

When we started Birdorable back in 2006 we only had a handful of different birds. The Rock Pigeon, Northern Cardinal, Blue Jay and American Robin were among our first Birdorables. Since that ... more
Happy Halloween

Happy Halloween

Boo! Birdorable wishes everyone a fa-boo-lous, wand-erful and t-eerie-fic Halloween! Enjoy this spooktacular weekend and try to not eat too much candy!  ... more