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Purple Gallinule

Purple Martin

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Purple Martin

  • Progne subis
  • Swallows, Swifts & Larks
Prothonotary Warbler

About the Purple Gallinule

Also known as: Purple Gallinule, Yellow-legged Gallinule
The Purple Gallinule is a species in the rail family that is native to parts of the Americas. They can be found in wet habitats like swamps, ponds and lakes, and marshes.

Adult Purple Gallinules are easily recognized. They have purplish-blue underparts and iridescent green upperparts. The bill is bright red and yellow and topped off with a sky blue forehead shield. The legs are long and yellow with oversized yellow feet.

Purple Gallinules are omnivores that feed on a varied diet. They will eat vegetable material like seeds, leaves, and fruit, as well as prey items including frogs, fish, snails, and spiders.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 04 December 2016
Scientific Name Porphyrio martinicus
  • Gruiformes
  • Rallidae
  • Porphyrio
  • P. martinicus
Birdorable Family Rails, Cranes & Friends
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 29 July 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
14.2 to 14.6 inches
21.7 inches
7.3 to 10.2 ounces
Range North America Central America Caribbean South America United States (East) Americas

International Names

  • Frango-d'água-azul (Brazilian)
  • 紫青水鸡 (Chinese)
  • slípka žlutonohá (Czech)
  • Amerikansk Sultanhøne (Danish)
  • Amerikaans Purperhoen (Dutch)
  • siniliejukana (Finnish)
  • Talève violacée (French)
  • Zwergsultanshuhn (German)
  • Pollo sultano della Martinica (Italian)
  • アメリカムラサキバン [amerikamurasakiban] (Japanese)
  • Amerikapurpurhøne (Norwegian)
  • sultanka amerykanska (Polish)
  • Galinha-d'água-azul (Portuguese)
  • Малая султанка (Russian)
  • Calamoncillo Americano (Spanish)
  • amerikansk sultanhöna (Swedish)

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