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Purple Martin

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About the Purple Martin

The Purple Martin North America's largest swallow. They have a lot of speed and agility in flight, and when approaching their housing, will dive from the sky with their wings tucked at great speeds.

It is the only bird totally dependent on humans for nest sites.

Their breeding habitat is open areas across eastern North America, and also some locations on the west coast from British Columbia to Mexico. This species typically breeds in colonies located in close proximity to human housing. The eastern nominate race nests exclusively in man-made bird houses, of which about a million are provided.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 05 August 2007
Scientific Name Progne subis
  • Passeriformes
  • Hirundinidae
  • Progne
  • P. subis
Birdorable Family Swallows, Swifts & Larks
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 29 March 2017)
Measurements
Units: Imperial Metric
8 inches
Range North America Central America Caribbean South America United States (West) United States (East)

International Names

  • Andorinha-azul (Brazilian)
  • 紫崖燕 (Chinese)
  • Jiřička Modrolesklá (Czech)
  • Purpursvale (Danish)
  • Purperzwaluw (Dutch)
  • Sinipääsky (Finnish)
  • Hirondelle Noire (French)
  • Purpurschwalbe (German)
  • Rondine Purpurea (Italian)
  • ムラサキツバメ (Murasakitsubame) (Japanese)
  • Purpursvale (Norwegian)
  • Jaskólczak Modry (Polish)
  • Пурпурная лесная ласточка (Russian)
  • Golondrina Purpúrea (Spanish)
  • Blå storsvala (Swedish)

Related articles

Baby Birdorable: Purple Martin

Baby Birdorable: Purple Martin

If you think our Birdorable birds are cute as adults, what about when they are babies? Below are some baby photos (shared via Flickr) of the Purple Martin. Purple Martins nest in ... more