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Pygmy Nuthatch

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Pygmy Nuthatch

  • Sitta pygmaea
  • Nuthatches & Wrens

About the Pyrrhuloxia

Also known as: Texan Cardinal, Texas Cardinal

The Pyrrhuloxia is a small crested songbird that lives in the American southwest down through Central America. Males are primarily gray with a red breast, red mask and red-tipped crest. Females lack the red face and breast. Both have short, stout yellowish finch-like beaks.

Pyrrhuloxias prefer habitat of desert scrubland, mesquite grassland or riparian woodland. They build their cup-like nests in short shrubs. They feed by foraging for seeds or gleaning insects from vegetation. They will also visit backyard feeding stations.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 18 June 2010
Scientific Name Cardinalis sinuatus
  • Passeriformes
  • Cardinalidae
  • Cardinalis
  • C. sinuatus
Birdorable Family Tanagers, Buntings & Cardinals
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 15 July 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
8.75 inches
12 inches
1.3 ounces
Range North America Central America United States (West)

International Names

  • kardinál úzkozobý (Czech)
  • Arizonakardinal (Danish)
  • Grijze Kardinaal (Dutch)
  • verikardinaali (Finnish)
  • Cardinal pyrrhuloxia (French)
  • Schmalschnabelkardinal (German)
  • Cardinale rosa (Italian)
  • ムネアカコウカンチョウ (muneakakoukanchou) (Japanese)
  • Ørkenkardinal (Norwegian)
  • kardynal karmazynowy (Polish)
  • пиррулоксия (Russian)
  • Cardenal Desértico (Spanish)
  • Ökenkardinal (Swedish)