Add to favorites
Red-crowned Crane

Red-faced Warbler

Next bird

Red-faced Warbler

  • Cardellina rubrifrons
  • Warblers & Whatnots
Red-crested Cardinal

Previous bird

Red-crested Cardinal

  • Paroaria coronata
  • Tanagers, Buntings & Cardinals

About the Red-crowned Crane

Also known as: Japanese Crane, Manchurian Crane

Red-crowned Cranes are large cranes that live across parts of Asia. They are also known as Japanese Cranes.

Red-crowned Cranes are named for the red patch of bare skin they have at the crown, which becomes a brighter red during breeding season. Their plumage is white with black secondary wing feathers. When standing, these long wing feathers make it look like the crane has a black tail, when in fact the tail is white.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 16 March 2015
Scientific Name Grus japonensis
  • Gruiformes
  • Gruidae
  • Grus
  • G. japonensis
Birdorable Family Rails, Cranes & Friends
Conservation Status Endangered
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 17 September 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
59 to 62 inches
87 to 98 inches
240 to 368 ounces
Range East Asia Southeast Asia


Red-crowned Cranes are considered Endangered by the IUCN as of February 2015. The global population of Red-crowned Cranes is estimated at 2750 birds, with a decreasing trend. Loss of wetland habitat is a major threat to the species.

International Names

  • 丹顶鹤 (Chinese)
  • jeřáb mandžuský (Czech)
  • Japansk Trane (Danish)
  • Chinese Kraanvogel (Dutch)
  • mantsuriankurki (Finnish)
  • Grue du Japon (French)
  • Mandschurenkranich (German)
  • Gru della Manciuria (Italian)
  • タンチョウ [tanchou] (Japanese)
  • 두루미 (Korean)
  • Japantrane (Norwegian)
  • zuraw mandzurski (Polish)
  • Grou-de-coroa-vermelha (Portuguese)
  • Японский журавль (Russian)
  • Grulla Manchú (Spanish)
  • Japansk trana (Swedish)

Related articles & downloads

Species Profile: Red-crowned Crane

Species Profile: Red-crowned Crane

This week we're celebrating the world's cranes! Crane Week highlights the 15 species of crane found around the world. Today's post is a feature on one of the most endangered species: the ... more