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Siberian Crane

Siberian Rubythroat
Shy Albatross

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Shy Albatross

  • Thalassarche cauta
  • Albatrosses & Allies

About the Siberian Crane

Also known as: Snow Crane, Siberian White Crane, Great White Crane

The Siberian Crane is a large migratory bird that breeds in the Arctic tundra of Russia. These cranes, also known as Snow Cranes, winter in parts of China and Iran.

Siberian Cranes have a mostly all-white plumage. Some feathers on the wings are black, but these are not always visible when the bird is standing or at rest. They have bare faces of bright red skin and dark pink legs.

Like all crane species, the Siberian Crane is omnivorous. They have a preference for plant material, feeding on seeds and roots as well as small prey items like worms and fish.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 23 March 2015
Scientific Name Grus leucogeranus
  • Gruiformes
  • Gruidae
  • Grus
  • G. leucogeranus
Birdorable Family Rails, Cranes & Friends
Conservation Status Critically Endangered
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 20 July 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
55 inches
83 to 91 inches
173 to 304 ounces
Range West Asia East Asia


The Siberian Crane is considered to be Critically Endangered by the IUCN as of March 2015, with a decreasing population trend. The total world population is estimated to be fewer than 4000 individual birds. The species faces threats from loss of wintering habitat and other human-driven factors.

International Names

  • 白鹤 (Chinese)
  • jeřáb bílý (Czech)
  • Snetrane (Danish)
  • Siberische Witte Kraanvogel (Dutch)
  • lumikurki (Finnish)
  • Grue de Sibérie (French)
  • Schneekranich (German)
  • Gru siberiana (Italian)
  • ソデグロヅル [sodeguroduru] (Japanese)
  • 시베리아흰두루미 (Korean)
  • Snøtrane (Norwegian)
  • zuraw bialy (Polish)
  • Grou-branco (Portuguese)
  • Стерх (Russian)
  • Grulla Siberiana (Spanish)
  • Snötrana (Swedish)

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