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Southern Cassowary

Southern Ground Hornbill
Sooty Tern

Previous bird

Sooty Tern

  • Onychoprion fuscata
  • Terns & Gulls

About the Southern Cassowary

Also known as: Double-wattled Cassowary, Australian Cassowary, Two-wattled Cassowary

The Southern Cassowary is a large species of flightless bird native to Indonesia, New Guinea and parts of Australia.

Southern Cassowaries have large, powerful feet which feature a dagger-like claw on the inner of three toes. These sharp claws can be fatal to predators, including humans, if the bird is provoked.

Southern Cassowaries are omnivorous, eating fungi, insects, and small vertebrates. They also eat a variety of fruit, some of which is toxic to other creatures.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 24 November 2011
Scientific Name Casuarius casuarius
  • Casuariiformes
  • Casuariidae
  • Casuarius
  • C. casuarius
Birdorable Family Ratites
Conservation Status Vulnerable
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 29 May 2017)
Measurements
Units: Imperial Metric
50 to 75 inches
1024 to 3040 ounces
Range Southeast Asia Australia and New Zealand

Conservation

From IUCN Red List:
The Southern Cassowary is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2012 by BirdLife International. This species is believed to have undergone a rapid decline in the last three generations (44 years) in Australia, and declines of a similar magnitude elsewhere in its range are possible, with local extirpations reported from parts of New Guinea. It is therefore classified as Vulnerable. However, the decline in Australia resulted from an extraordinary rate of habitat destruction which has virtually ceased. Further information from New Guinea may indicate that the species would be better listed as Near Threatened if hunting and high-impact industrial logging does not increase in the large areas of existing habitat there.

International Names

  • kasuár přílbový (Czech)
  • Hjelmkasuar (Danish)
  • Helmcasuarius (Dutch)
  • kypäräkasuaari (Finnish)
  • Casoar à casque (French)
  • Helmkasuar (German)
  • Casuario australiano (Italian)
  • ヒクイドリ (hikuidori) (Japanese)
  • Toflikkasuar (Norwegian)
  • kazuar helmiasty (Polish)
  • обыкновенный казуар (Russian)
  • Casuario Común (Spanish)
  • Hjälmkasuar (Swedish)

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