Add to favorites
Spotted Towhee

Steller's Jay

Next bird

Steller's Jay

  • Cyanocitta stelleri
  • Corvids, Shrikes & Friends
Spoon-billed Sandpiper

About the Spotted Towhee

Also known as: Rufous-sided Towhee, Arctic Towhee
The Spotted Towhee is a large species of sparrow found in western parts of North America. The species is closely related to the Eastern Towhee; the two were once considered to be subspecies of the same species. There is a lot of variety in size and plumage in this species and there are at least 20 subspecies recognized by ornithologists.

Spotted Towhees nest low to the ground, either in bushes or directly on the ground. Their preferred breeding habitat includes chaparral scrubland.

Spotted Towhees feed on insects and plant material. They forage on the ground by scratching at leaf litter for crickets, beetles, caterpillars, and other insects, as well as seeds, fruits, and acorns.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 20 December 2015
Scientific Name Pipilo maculatus
  • Passeriformes
  • Emberizidae
  • Pipilo
  • P. maculatus
Birdorable Family Sparrows
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 15 August 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
6.7 to 8.3 inches
11 inches
1.2 to 1.7 ounces
Range North America Central America United States (West) Americas

International Names

  • 斑唧鹀 (Chinese)
  • pipilo skvrnitý (Czech)
  • Plettet Buskspurv (Danish)
  • Gevlekte Towie (Dutch)
  • lännenloistopipilo (Finnish)
  • Tohi tacheté (French)
  • Touì macchiato (Italian)
  • ワキアカトウヒチョウ [wakiakatouhichou] (Japanese)
  • Flekktovi (Norwegian)
  • pipil czarnogrzbiety (Polish)
  • Пятнистый тоухи (Russian)
  • Rascador Ojirrojo (Spanish)
  • Fläckig busksparv (Swedish)

Related articles