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White-naped Crane

White-rumped Vulture
White-headed Vulture

About the White-naped Crane

Also known as: White-necked Crane

The White-naped Crane is an Asian species of crane. Its breeding range extends from northeastern Mongolia across to southeastern Russia. Winters are spent in the DMZ, China, and Japan.

The White-naped Crane has a mostly grey plumage, with a bare red face. The species is named for its white nape; white feathers also cover the back of the head and throat. They are the only species of crane to have pinkish legs.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 20 March 2015
Scientific Name Grus vipio
  • Gruiformes
  • Gruidae
  • Grus
  • G. vipio
Birdorable Family Rails, Cranes & Friends
Conservation Status Vulnerable
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 19 September 2015)
Units: Imperial Metric
44 to 49 inches
79 to 83 inches
167 to 229 ounces
Range Central Asia East Asia


White-naped Cranes are considered Vulnerable to Extinction by the IUCN as of March 2015. The total population is estimated to be fewer than 6500 birds, with a decreasing trend. They face threats from loss of wetland habitat and other factors, including pollution and use of pesticides.

International Names

  • 白枕鹤 (Chinese)
  • jeřáb červenolící (Czech)
  • Hvidhalset Trane (Danish)
  • Witnekkraanvogel (Dutch)
  • silmälasikurki (Finnish)
  • Grue à cou blanc (French)
  • Weißnackenkranich (German)
  • Gru dal collobianco del Giappone (Italian)
  • マナヅル [manaduru] (Japanese)
  • 재두루미 (Korean)
  • Hvitnakketrane (Norwegian)
  • zuraw bialoszyi (Polish)
  • Grou-de-nuca-branca (Portuguese)
  • Даурский журавль (Russian)
  • Grulla Cuelliblanca (Spanish)
  • Glasögontrana (Swedish)

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