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White-winged Tern

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  • Grus americana
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White-winged Duck

About the White-winged Tern

Also known as: White-winged Black Tern

The White-winged Tern (or White-winged Black Tern, which is the older alternative name), is a small tern generally found in or near bodies of fresh water from Southeastern Europe to Australia. It is a scarce vagrant in North America, mainly on the Atlantic coast, but there have been a few records on the Pacific coast and inland in the Great Lakes area.

Unlike 'white' (Sterna) terns, these birds do not dive for fish, but fly slowly over the water to surface-pick items on the surface and catch insects in flight. They mainly eat insects and small fish.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 20 July 2007
Scientific Name Chlidonias leucopterus
  • Charadriiformes
  • Sternidae
  • Chlidonias
  • C. leucopterus
Birdorable Family Terns & Gulls
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 26 January 2015)
Units: Imperial Metric
9 inches
Range East Asia Southeast Asia South Asia North Africa West Africa Central Africa East Africa South Africa West Europe East Europe North Europe South Europe West Asia Central Asia Australia and New Zealand Oceania

International Names

  • Trinta-reis-negro (Brazilian)
  • 白翅浮鸥 (Chinese)
  • Rybák Bělokřídlý (Czech)
  • Hvidvinget Terne (Danish)
  • Witvleugelstern (Dutch)
  • Valkosiipitiira (Finnish)
  • Guifette leucoptère (French)
  • Weißflügelseeschwalbe (German)
  • Mignattino alibianche (Italian)
  • ハジロクロハラアジサシ (Hajirokuroharaajisashi) (Japanese)
  • 흰죽지갈매기 (Korean)
  • Hvitvingesvartterne (Norwegian)
  • Rybitwa Białoskrzydła (Polish)
  • Белокрылая крачка (Russian)
  • Fumarel Aliblanco (Spanish)
  • Vitvingad Tärna (Swedish)