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Whooping Crane

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About the Whooping Crane

Also known as: White Crane

The Whooping Crane is a large species of wader native to North America. Along with the Sandhill Crane, they are the only crane species in North America. They are named for their call, which is a bugle-like "whooping" sound.

Whooping Cranes are the tallest bird in North America, standing nearly five feet tall. They are an endangered species, with the population reaching a low of 100 individuals in the 1980s. They are now the focus of conservation efforts including training young birds to migrate using ultralight aircraft.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 04 August 2010
Scientific Name Grus americana
  • Gruiformes
  • Gruidae
  • Grus
  • G. americana
Birdorable Family Rails, Cranes & Friends
Conservation Status Endangered
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 24 July 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
52 inches
87 inches
240 ounces
Range North America United States (West) United States (East)


From IUCN Red List:
The Whooping Crane is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2012 by BirdLife International. This species is listed as Endangered because it has an extremely small population. However, the conservation status of the species is improving, with not only increases in the natural wild population but also establishment of two reintroduced flocks that may become self-sustaining. If the number of mature individuals continues to increase, this species may merit downlisting to Vulnerable.

International Names

  • 美洲鹤 (Chinese)
  • jeřáb americký (Czech)
  • Trompetértrane (Danish)
  • Trompetkraanvogel (Dutch)
  • trumpettikurki (Finnish)
  • Grue blanche (French)
  • Schreikranich (German)
  • Gru americana (Italian)
  • アメリカシロヅル (amerikashiroduru) (Japanese)
  • Trompetertrane (Norwegian)
  • zuraw krzykliwy (Polish)
  • Grou-trompeteiro (Portuguese)
  • Американский журавль (Russian)
  • Grulla Trompetera (Spanish)
  • Trumpetartrana (Swedish)

Related articles & downloads

Baby Birdorable: Whooping Crane

Baby Birdorable: Whooping Crane

If you think our Birdorable birds are cute as adults, what about when they are babies? Below are some baby photos (shared via Flickr Creative Commons) of the Whooping Crane. The Whooping ... more