Black Tern

About the Black Tern

The Black Tern's breeding habitat is freshwater marshes across most of Canada, the northern United States and much of Europe and western Asia. They usually nest either on floating material in a marsh or on the ground very close to water, laying 2-4 eggs.

North American Black terns migrate to the coasts of northern South America, some to the open ocean. Those in Europe winter in Africa.

The North American population has declined in recent times due to loss of habitat.

Black Tern Find cute products & gifts with our Birdorable Black Tern
Shop Now

Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 20 July 2007
Scientific Name
Chlidonias Niger
  • Charadriiformes
  • Sternidae
  • Chlidonias
  • C. niger
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 7 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
9.75 inches
24 inches
2.2 ounces


International Names

Brazilian (Português brasileiro) Trinta-réis-negro
Chinese (汉语) 黑浮鸥
Czech (Cesky) Rybák černý
Danish (Dansk) Sortterne
Dutch (Nederlands) Zwarte Stern
Finnish (Suomi) Mustatiira
French (Français) Guifette Noire
German (Deutsch) Trauerseeschwalbe
Italian (Italiano) Mignattino
Japanese (日本語) ハシグロクロハラアジサシ (Hashigurokuroharaajisashi)
Korean (한국어) 검은제비갈매기
Norwegian (Norsk) Svartterne
Polish (Polski) Rybitwa Czarna
Russian (русский язык) Крачка черная
Spanish (Español) fumarel Común
Swedish (Svenska) Svarttärna
More Products

Cute gifts with this bird

Design with this bird