Black Tern

About the Black Tern

The Black Tern's breeding habitat is freshwater marshes across most of Canada, the northern United States and much of Europe and western Asia. They usually nest either on floating material in a marsh or on the ground very close to water, laying 2-4 eggs.

North American Black terns migrate to the coasts of northern South America, some to the open ocean. Those in Europe winter in Africa.

The North American population has declined in recent times due to loss of habitat.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 20 July 2007
Scientific Name
Chlidonias Niger
  • Charadriiformes
  • Sternidae
  • Chlidonias
  • C. niger
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 29 September 2017)
LC
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Measurements
Units: Imperial / Metric
9.75 inches
24 inches
2.2 ounces

Range

International Names

Brazilian Trinta-réis-negro
Chinese 黑浮鸥
Czech Rybák černý
Danish Sortterne
Dutch Zwarte Stern
Finnish Mustatiira
French Guifette Noire
German Trauerseeschwalbe
Italian Mignattino
Japanese ハシグロクロハラアジサシ (Hashigurokuroharaajisashi)
Korean 검은제비갈매기
Norwegian Svartterne
Polish Rybitwa Czarna
Russian Крачка черная
Spanish fumarel Común
Swedish Svarttärna
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