Caspian Gull

About the Caspian Gull

Also known as: Jolly Gull, Pontic Gull

The Caspian Gull is a large species of gull found across parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa. They breed around the Black Sea and Caspian Sea into northwest China.

The Caspian Gull was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Herring Gull, which itself is split into European / American by some taxonomies. These gulls are closely related to the Lesser Black-backed Gull and different authorities split or lump up to eight different species, including the Caspian Gull, in different ways.

Caspian Gulls are omnivorous, opportunistic feeders. They feed on fish and invertebrates they forage for themselves, but they also steal food from other gulls. They also prey upon small mammals and reptiles, scavenge food from trash, and snatch eggs from other birds.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 02 December 2014
Scientific Name
Larus cachinnans
  • Charadriiformes
  • Laridae
  • Larus
  • L. cachinnans
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 4 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
22 to 27 inches
24 to 56 ounces


International Names

Chinese (汉语) 黄腿鸥
Czech (Cesky) racek bělohlavý
Danish (Dansk) Kaspisk Måge
Dutch (Nederlands) Pontische Meeuw
Finnish (Suomi) aroharmaalokki
French (Français) Goéland pontique
German (Deutsch) Steppenmöwe
Italian (Italiano) Gabbiano reale
Japanese (日本語) キアシセグロカモメ [Kiashi-seguro-kamome]
Korean (한국어) 카스피해갈매기
Norwegian (Norsk) Kaspimåke
Polish (Polski) mewa białogłowa
Portuguese (Português) Gaivota-de-patas-amarelas
Russian (русский язык) Хохотунья
Spanish (Español) Gaviota de Patas Amarillas
Swedish (Svenska) Kaspisk trut
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