Indigo Bunting

About the Indigo Bunting

The Indigo Bunting is a small seed-eating migratory bird. They are named for the bright blue coloring of the male during breeding season. The males are brown in the off-season, while females are brown year-round.

Indigo Buntings nest in dense shrubs or trees. The female constructs the nest and incubates the eggs on her own.

Indigo Buntings summer across the eastern half of the United States and just into Canada, as well as the American southwest. THey winter in Central America. Their return to their northern breeding grounds is a sign of spring.

Indigo Buntings feed on insects (especially in the summer), seeds and berries. They are a colorful visitor to back yard feeding stations. Their call is said to sound like Fire! Fire! Where? Where? Here! Here! See it? See it?

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 24 April 2010
Scientific Name
Passerina cyanea
  • Passeriformes
  • Cardinalidae
  • Passerina
  • P. cyanea
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 20 March 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
5.5 inches
8 inches
.51 ounces


International Names

Czech (Cesky) papežík indigový
Danish (Dansk) Indigofinke
Dutch (Nederlands) Indigogors
Finnish (Suomi) indigokardinaali
French (Français) Passerin indigo
German (Deutsch) Indigofink
Italian (Italiano) Ministro
Japanese (日本語) ルリノジコ (rurinojiko)
Norwegian (Norsk) Indigospurv
Polish (Polski) łuszczyk indygowy
Spanish (Español) Azulillo Norteño
Swedish (Svenska) Indigofink
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