Red-legged Partridge

About the Red-legged Partridge

Also known as: French Partridge, Partridge in a Pear Tree

Red-legged Partridges are colorful birds of the Pheasant family. Native to parts of Spain, France, and Italy, the bird is also an introduced resident breeding species in the United Kingdom.

Red-legged Partridges have large white throat patches bordered in black. Their beaks and feet are red and they have a black eye-stripe.

Although flighted, Red-legged Partridges prefer to run when faced with a threat, and will only fly as a last resort.

The Red-legged Partridge, native to France and introduced to the United Kingdom, is thought to be the species of bird first featured in the Christmas song "The Twelve Days of Christmas." Grey Partridges are more common in the United Kingdom, where the song originates, but the Red-legged Partridge is more likely to be found perched in a tree.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 01 December 2010
Scientific Name
Alectoris rufa
  • Galliformes
  • Phasianidae
  • Alectoris
  • A. rufa
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 7 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
12 to 14 inches

International Names

Czech (Cesky) orebice rudá
Danish (Dansk) Rødhøne
Dutch (Nederlands) Rode Patrijs
Finnish (Suomi) punapyy
French (Français) Perdrix rouge
German (Deutsch) Rothuhn
Italian (Italiano) Pernice rossa
Japanese (日本語) アカアシイワシャコ (akaashiiwashako)
Norwegian (Norsk) Rødhøne
Polish (Polski) góropatwa czerwona
Russian (русский язык) Рыжая горная куропатка
Spanish (Español) Perdiz Roja
Swedish (Svenska) Rödhöna
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