Ruby-throated Hummingbird

About the Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Also known as: Common hummingbird

Hummingbirds are known for their ability to hover in mid-air by rapidly flapping their wings, 15 to 80 times per second. They feed on nectar from flowers and flowering trees using a long extendable tongue or catch insects on the wing.

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is metallic green above and males have a brilliant red throat.

The breeding habitat is open areas throughout most of eastern North America and the Canadian prairies. The female builds a nest in a protected location in a shrub or tree.

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is migratory, spending most of the winter in Mexico or Central America.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 05 August 2007
Scientific Name
Archilochus colubris
  • Trochiliformes
  • Trochilidae
  • Archilochus
  • A. colubris
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 8 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
2.75 to 3.5 inches
3 to 4.75 inches
0,07 to 0.211 ounces


International Names

Chinese (汉语) 红喉北蜂鸟
Czech (Cesky) Kolibřík Rubínohrdlý
Danish (Dansk) Rubinstrube
Dutch (Nederlands) Robijnkeelkolibrie
Finnish (Suomi) Rubiinikurkkukolibri
French (Français) Colibri à Gorge Rubis
German (Deutsch) Rubinkehlkolibri
Italian (Italiano) Colibrì Golarubino
Japanese (日本語) ノドアカハチドリ (Nodoakahachidori)
Norwegian (Norsk) Rubinstrupekolibri
Polish (Polski) Koliberek Rubinobrody
Russian (русский язык) Рубиногорлый колибри
Spanish (Español) Colibrí Gorgirrubí
Swedish (Svenska) Rubinkolibri
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