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Barn Swallow

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About the Barn Swallow

Also known as: Swallow

The Barn Swallow is one of the most widespread birds in the world. It can be found in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas. The global population is estimated at 190 million. It has blue upperparts, a long forked tail and pointed wings.

It is a bird of open country and it normally uses man-made structures to breed by building a cup nest from mud pellets in barns or on other buildings. It feeds on insects and has therefore been tolerated by humans when it shares their buildings for nesting.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 18 November 2008
Scientific Name Hirundo rustica
  • Passeriformes
  • Hirundinidae
  • Hirundo
  • H. rustica
Birdorable Family Swallows, Swifts & Larks
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 29 September 2017)
Measurements
Units: Imperial Metric
6.7 to 7.5 inches
12.6 to 13.6 inches
0.56 to 0.78 ounces
Range West Europe East Europe North Europe South Europe West Asia Central Asia East Asia Southeast Asia South Asia North Africa West Africa Central Africa East Africa South Africa North America Central America Caribbean South America United States (West) United States (East) Australia and New Zealand Oceania

International Names

  • Andorinha-de-bando (Brazilian)
  • Vlaštovka Lesklá (Czech)
  • Landsvale (Danish)
  • Boerenzwaluw (Dutch)
  • Haarapääsky (Finnish)
  • Hirondelle Rustique (French)
  • Rauchschwalbe (German)
  • Rondine Comune (Italian)
  • ツバメ (Afurikatsubame) (Japanese)
  • 제비 (Jebi) (Korean)
  • Låvesvale (Norwegian)
  • Jaskólka Rdzawogardla (Polish)
  • Деревенск& (Russian)
  • Golondrina Común (Spanish)
  • Ladusvala (Swedish)

Related articles

Baby Birdorable: Barn Swallow

Baby Birdorable: Barn Swallow

If you think our Birdorable birds are cute as adults, what about when they are babies? Below are some baby photos (shared via Flickr Creative Commons) of the Barn Swallow. Barn Swallows ... more