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Black-legged Kittiwake

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Black-headed Parrot

About the Black-legged Kittiwake

Also known as: Kittiwake

The Black-legged Kittiwake is a sea bird that breeds on coasts around the North Pacific and North Atlantic oceans, but it is most commonly found in North America and Europe. They make large and very loud colonies when breeding, and are able to utilize the very sheerest of vertical cliffs.

There are two races of Black-legged Kittiwake: one in the North Atlantic ocean and the other in the North Pacific ocean. The first has a very small or even no hind toe, and thus in some European countries the bird is known as the 'three-toed' gull. The Pacific race does have a normally developed hind toe.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 16 January 2009
Scientific Name Rissa tridactyla
  • Charadriiformes
  • Laridae
  • Rissa
  • R. tridactyla
Birdorable Family Terns & Gulls
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 29 September 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
16 inches
35 to 39 inches
Range West Europe East Europe North Europe South Europe East Asia North Africa North America Central America United States (West) United States (East) Arctic

International Names

  • Racek Tříprstý (Czech)
  • Ride (Danish)
  • Drieteenmeeuw (Dutch)
  • Pikkukajava (Finnish)
  • Mouette Tridactyle (French)
  • Dreizehenmöwe (German)
  • Gabbiano Tridattilo (Italian)
  • ミツユビカモメ (Mitsuyubikamome) (Japanese)
  • 세가락갈매기 (Segarakgalmaegi) (Korean)
  • Krykkje (Norwegian)
  • Mewa Trójpalczasta (Polish)
  • Моевка (Russian)
  • Gaviota Tridáctila (Spanish)
  • Tretåig Mås (Swedish)

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