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Bulwer's Pheasant
Buff-bellied Hummingbird

About the Bufflehead

Also known as: Buffle-head, Butterball, Spirit Duck, Buffy

The Bufflehead is a small species of duck that lives across much of North America. They breed across much of Canada and spend the winter further south, from the West Coast of the US through the Rockies and the Great Plains and parts of the southeast. They also winter in parts of Mexico and the Caribbean.

Buffleheads are cavity nesters, using tree cavities, often created by Northern Flicker woodpeckers, or nest boxes, for breeding.

Buffleheads are diving ducks, meaning that they dive under the water when feeding. They feed in freshwater or saltwater, dining on different prey depending on the type of water.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 22 May 2012
Scientific Name Bucephala albeola
  • Anseriformes
  • Anatidae
  • Bucephala
  • B. albeola
Birdorable Family Ducks & Geese
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 28 July 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
12.5 to 16 inches
21 inches
13 ounces
Range North America Central America Caribbean United States (West) United States (East)

International Names

  • 白枕鹊鸭 (Chinese)
  • hohol bělavý (Czech)
  • Bøffeland (Danish)
  • Buffelkopeend (Dutch)
  • pikkutelkkä (Finnish)
  • Petit Garrot (French)
  • Büffelkopfente (German)
  • Quattrocchi minore (Italian)
  • ヒメハジロ [himehajiro] (Japanese)
  • Bøffeland (Norwegian)
  • gągołek (Polish)
  • Малый гоголь (Russian)
  • Porrón Albeola (Spanish)
  • Buffelhuvud (Swedish)

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