African Grey Parrot

About the African Grey Parrot

Also known as: Grey Parrot

The African Grey Parrot is a medium-sized parrot and is native to Africa. It is considered one of the most intelligent birds in the world. This beautiful species is very popular in aviculture. Outside of aviculture, it is commonly known as the Grey Parrot.

African Greys are predominantly grey in plumage, with accents of white. They have red or maroon tail feathers. They feed on nuts and fruits, supplemented by leaves.

African Grey Parrots are particularly noted for their cognitive abilities, which are believed to have evolved as a consequence of their history of cooperative feeding on the ground in Central Africa. There are two subspecies of Grey Parrot: Congo African Grey and Timneh African Grey.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 16 March 2007
Scientific Name
Psittacus erithacus
  • Psittaciformes
  • Psittacidae
  • Psittacus
  • P. erithacus
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Vulnerable (as of 20 March 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
13 to 16 inches
18 to 20 inches
16 ounces


In the wild, the Grey Parrot has a conservation status of Vulnerable. They face threats from habitat loss and continued capture for international trade in the pet market.

International Names

Chinese (汉语) 非洲灰鹦鹉
Czech (Cesky) Papoušek žako
Danish (Dansk) Gråpapegøje
Dutch (Nederlands) Grijze Roodstaartpapegaai
Finnish (Suomi) Harmaapapukaija
French (Français) Perroquet Jaco
German (Deutsch) Graupapagei
Italian (Italiano) Pappagallo Cenerino
Japanese (日本語) ヨウム (Youmu)
Norwegian (Norsk) Gråpapegøye
Polish (Polski) Zako
Russian (русский язык) Серый попу
Spanish (Español) Loro Yaco
Swedish (Svenska) Grå Jako
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