Rufous Hummingbird

About the Rufous Hummingbird

Also known as: Red-backed Hummingbird

The Rufous Hummingbird lives across western portions of North America. They summer in Pacific Northwest into Canada and all the way up into Alaska. During migration they travel across the western United States on their way to their wintering grounds in Mexico and Central America.

Male Rufous Hummingbirds have a white breast, an iridescent reddish throat and rufous on the face, back, flanks and tail. They feed on flower nectar and insects caught on the wing.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 02 August 2010
Scientific Name
Selasphorus rufus
  • Trochiliformes
  • Trochilidae
  • Selasphorus
  • S. rufus
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 7 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
3.75 inches
4.5 inches
.12 ounces


International Names

Czech (Cesky) kolibřík rezavolesklý
Danish (Dansk) Rød Dværgkolibri
Dutch (Nederlands) Rosse Kolibrie
Finnish (Suomi) kettukolibri
French (Français) Colibri roux
German (Deutsch) Rotrücken-Zimtelfe
Italian (Italiano) Colibrì rossiccio
Japanese (日本語) アカフトオハチドリ (akafutoohachidori)
Norwegian (Norsk) Rødkolibri
Polish (Polski) rudaczek pólnocny
Russian (русский язык) Рыжегорлый колибри
Spanish (Español) Colibrí Rufo
Swedish (Svenska) Rostkolibri
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Rufous Hummingbirds live in the western half of North America. They are long-distance migrants, with some individuals breeding in Alaska and spending the winter down in Mexico. Considering the small size of ... more