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Indigo Bunting

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  • Pagophila eburnea
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About the Indigo Bunting

The Indigo Bunting is a small seed-eating migratory bird. They are named for the bright blue coloring of the male during breeding season. The males are brown in the off-season, while females are brown year-round.

Indigo Buntings nest in dense shrubs or trees. The female constructs the nest and incubates the eggs on her own.

Indigo Buntings summer across the eastern half of the United States and just into Canada, as well as the American southwest. THey winter in Central America. Their return to their northern breeding grounds is a sign of spring.

Indigo Buntings feed on insects (especially in the summer), seeds and berries. They are a colorful visitor to back yard feeding stations. Their call is said to sound like Fire! Fire! Where? Where? Here! Here! See it? See it?

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 24 April 2010
Scientific Name Passerina cyanea
  • Passeriformes
  • Cardinalidae
  • Passerina
  • P. cyanea
Birdorable Family Tanagers, Buntings & Cardinals
Conservation Status Least Concern
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 15 July 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
5.5 inches
8 inches
.51 ounces
Range North America Central America Caribbean South America United States (West) United States (East)

International Names

  • papežík indigový (Czech)
  • Indigofinke (Danish)
  • Indigogors (Dutch)
  • indigokardinaali (Finnish)
  • Passerin indigo (French)
  • Indigofink (German)
  • Ministro (Italian)
  • ルリノジコ (rurinojiko) (Japanese)
  • Indigospurv (Norwegian)
  • łuszczyk indygowy (Polish)
  • Azulillo Norteño (Spanish)
  • Indigofink (Swedish)

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