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Ivory Gull

Ivory-billed Woodpecker
Indigo Bunting

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Indigo Bunting

  • Passerina cyanea
  • Tanagers, Buntings & Cardinals

About the Ivory Gull

The Ivory Gull is a small species of gull that breeds in the arctic. It has a circumpolar distribution through Greenland, northernmost North America and Eurasia. In the fall it migrates only short distances south, but some birds reach more temperate areas. Occasionally a bird will travel further south than usual, as was the case in November 2009 when an Ivory Gull was seen at Cape May, New Jersey USA.

Ivory Gulls are completely white, with a thick blue bill that has a yellow tip. It is known to follow polar bears and other predators to scavenge on the remains of their prey.

The population trend for the Ivory Gull is decreasing, and the conservation status as of November 2014 is Near Threatened. Climate change, environmental toxins, and hunting are some of the threats facing this species.

Details & Stats

Hatched Added to Birdorable on: 04 December 2009
Scientific Name Pagophila eburnea
  • Charadriiformes
  • Laridae
  • Pagophila
  • P. eburnea
Birdorable Family Terns & Gulls
Conservation Status Near Threatened
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
(as of 27 September 2017)
Units: Imperial Metric
15.7 to 16.9 inches
42.5 to 47.2 inches
15.8 to 24.2 ounces
Range East Europe North Europe North America Arctic


From IUCN Red List:
The Ivory Gull is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2012 by BirdLife International. This species has declined rapidly in parts of its range, but its status in other areas is poorly known. A number of factors are likely to be contributing to declines, including climate change, pollution and increasing human intrusion or hunting within breeding areas. It is currently considered Near Threatened; but further surveys are required in order to clarify the true magnitude of declines.

International Names

  • 白鸥 (Chinese)
  • Racek Snéžní (Czech)
  • Ismåge (Danish)
  • Ivoormeeuw (Dutch)
  • Jäälokki (Finnish)
  • Mouette Blanche (French)
  • Elfenbeinmöwe (German)
  • Gabiano Ebureno (Italian)
  • ゾウゲカモメ (Zougekamome) (Japanese)
  • 북극흰갈매기 (Korean)
  • Ismåke (Norwegian)
  • Mewa Modrodzioba (Polish)
  • Белая чайка (Russian)
  • Gaviota Marfileña (Spanish)
  • Ismås (Swedish)

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