Cliff Swallow

About the Cliff Swallow
Also known as: American Cliff Swallow
Cliff Swallow

The Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota, is easily recognized by its distinctive squarish tail and a colorful plumage that includes a dark blue back, a pale, pumpkin-colored forehead, a white underpart, and a dark throat. This bird is famous for its remarkable mud nests, which resemble small, rounded jugs typically attached to cliff faces or human structures such as bridges and buildings.

Cliff Swallows are highly social birds, often forming large colonies that can number in the thousands. These colonies enhance protection against predators and increase the efficiency of finding food. Their diet primarily consists of flying insects, which they catch with agility and precision in mid-air.

These swallows are migratory, breeding across North America and wintering in South America. Their migration is notable for its long distance, showcasing the birds' endurance and navigational skills.

In recent years, the Cliff Swallow has adapted well to human-altered landscapes, which sometimes offer new nesting sites. However, this adaptation also brings them closer to human-related threats, including loss of natural habitats and collisions with vehicles. Conservation efforts focus on monitoring populations and preserving natural habitats to support their numbers.

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Cliff Swallow Photos

Details & Statistics

International Names

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