The Common Goldeneye is a medium-sized sea duck that breeds across a large range of boreal forest. They nest in parts of Canada and Scandinavia, and across parts of northern Europe, Russia, and China. These migratory ducks spend the winter across a broad range that extends further south than the breeding area.
Common Goldeneyes are closely related to Barrow's Goldeneyes. Males have a shiny green heads with a circular white cheek patch below the eye; females have brown heads.
The global population trend for the Common Goldeneye is stable and the conservation status for the species is considered to be Least Concern as of July 2013.