Corn Crake

About the Corn Crake

Also known as: Corncrake, Landrail, European Corn Crake, Grass Quail, Land Rail

The Corn Crake, or Corncrake, is a type of rail that breeds across temperate Europe and Asia. They migrate to southern Africa for the winter.

Corn Crakes are highly secretive, and hard to see in both breeding territory and wintering grounds. They nest among tall vegetation and are most active early in the day and near dusk (crepuscular). On the wintering grounds, they are usually solitary.

While the species has a conservation status of Least Concern, populations across Europe have declined dramatically. In the UK in particular the species is of high concern; a reintroduction progam has been established in England and is celebrating the successful return of the Corncrake.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 21 August 2012
Scientific Name
Crex crex
  • Gruiformes
  • Rallidae
  • Crex
  • C. crex
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 6 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
10.6 to 11.8 inches
16.5 to 20.9 inches
5.1 to 5.8 ounces


International Names

Chinese (汉语) 长脚秧鸡
Czech (Cesky) chřástal polní
Danish (Dansk) Engsnarre
Dutch (Nederlands) Kwartelkoning
Finnish (Suomi) ruisrääkkä
French (Français) Râle des genêts
German (Deutsch) Wachtelkönig
Italian (Italiano) Re di quaglie
Japanese (日本語) ウズラクイナ [uzurakuina]
Norwegian (Norsk) Åkerrikse
Polish (Polski) derkacz
Russian (русский язык) Обыкновенный коростель
Spanish (Español) Guión de Codornices
Swedish (Svenska) Kornknarr
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