Downy Woodpecker

About the Downy Woodpecker

The Downy Woodpecker is the smallest woodpecker in North America. Their breeding habitat is forested areas, mainly deciduous, across most of North America to Central America. They nest in a tree cavity, excavated by the nesting pair in a dead tree or limb. The Downy Woodpecker can also be found east of Newfoundland and Labrador, on the islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.

These birds are mostly permanent residents. Northern birds may migrate further south; birds in mountainous areas may move to lower elevations. Downy Woodpeckers roost in tree cavities in the winter.

Downy Woodpeckers forage on trees, picking the bark surface in summer and digging deeper in winter. They mainly eat insects, also seeds and berries.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 05 August 2007
Scientific Name
Picoides pubescens
  • Piciformes
  • Picidae
  • Picoides
  • P. pubescens
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 6 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
5.5 to 6.7 inches
9.8 to 11.8 inches
.7 to 1 ounces

International Names

Chinese (汉语) 绒啄木鸟
Czech (Cesky) Strakapoud Osikový
Danish (Dansk) Dværgflagspætte
Dutch (Nederlands) Donsspecht
Finnish (Suomi) Keijutikka
French (Français) Pic Mineur
German (Deutsch) Dunenspecht
Italian (Italiano) Picchio Vellutato
Japanese (日本語) セジロコゲラ (Sejirokogera)
Norwegian (Norsk) Dunspett
Polish (Polski) Dzieciol Kosmaty
Russian (русский язык) Пушистый дятел
Spanish (Español) Pico Pubescente
Swedish (Svenska) Dunspett
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