The Emperor Penguin is the tallest and heaviest of all living penguin species and is endemic to Antarctica.
They are best known for the sequence of journeys adults make each year in order to mate and to feed their offspring. It treks 31 to 75 miles (50 to 120 km) over the ice to breeding colonies which may include thousands of individuals.
The lifespan is typically 20 years in the wild, although observations suggest that some individuals may live to 50 years of age.
From IUCN Red List: The Emperor Penguin is listed as Near Threatened
on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2012 by BirdLife International. This species has been uplisted to Near Threatened because it is projected to undergo a moderately rapid population decline over the next three generations owing to the effects of projected climate change. However, it should be noted that there is considerable uncertainty over future climatic changes and how these will impact the species.