Emperor Penguin

About the Emperor Penguin

The Emperor Penguin is the tallest and heaviest of all living penguin species and is endemic to Antarctica.

They are best known for the sequence of journeys adults make each year in order to mate and to feed their offspring. It treks 31 to 75 miles (50 to 120 km) over the ice to breeding colonies which may include thousands of individuals.

The lifespan is typically 20 years in the wild, although observations suggest that some individuals may live to 50 years of age.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 13 May 2008
Scientific Name
Aptenodytes forsteri
  • Sphenisciformes
  • Spheniscidae
  • Aptenodytes
  • A. forsteri
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Near Threatened (as of 6 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
48 inches
768 to 1312 ounces


From IUCN Red List:
The Emperor Penguin is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2012 by BirdLife International. This species has been uplisted to Near Threatened because it is projected to undergo a moderately rapid population decline over the next three generations owing to the effects of projected climate change. However, it should be noted that there is considerable uncertainty over future climatic changes and how these will impact the species.

International Names

Chinese (汉语) 帝企鹅
Czech (Cesky) Tučňák Císařský
Danish (Dansk) Kejserpingvin
Dutch (Nederlands) Keizerspinguïn
Finnish (Suomi) Keisaripingviini
French (Français) Manchot Empereur
German (Deutsch) Kaiserpinguin
Italian (Italiano) Pinguino Imperatore
Japanese (日本語) コウテイペンギン (Kouteipengin)
Korean (한국어) 황제펭귄 (Hwangje penguin)
Norwegian (Norsk) Keiserpingvin
Polish (Polski) Pingwin Cesarski
Russian (русский язык) императорский пингвин
Spanish (Español) Pingüino Emperador
Swedish (Svenska) Kejsarpingvin
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