About the Gyrfalcon

Also known as: Gray Gyrfalcon, Gyr, Gyr Falcon, Iceland Falcon, Gerfalcon, Gyrkin

The Gyrfalcon (pronounced as "jeer-falcon" or "djer-falcon") is the largest species of falcon in the world. Gyrfalcons live across parts of northern North America, including much of Canada. They breed in the high arctic and surrounding territory. They live and breed elsewhere in the far north of the Northern Hemisphere.

Gyrfalcons feed on other birds, taking prey on the wing with their amazing flying skills. They also feed on mammals up to the size of marmots.

Gyrfalcons come in a variety of color morphs. Our Birdorable bird is a white morph; Gyrfalcons may also be silver, gray, or black.

Gyrfalcon Find cute products & gifts with our Birdorable Gyrfalcon
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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 22 May 2012
Scientific Name
Falco rusticolus
  • Falconiformes
  • Falconidae
  • Falco
  • F. rusticolus
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 5 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
18.9 to 25.2 inches
48.4 inches
28.2 to 74.1 ounces


International Names

Czech (Cesky) raroh lovecký
Danish (Dansk) Jagtfalk
Dutch (Nederlands) Giervalk
Finnish (Suomi) tunturihaukka
French (Français) Faucon gerfaut
German (Deutsch) Gerfalke
Italian (Italiano) Girfalco
Japanese (日本語) シロハヤブサ [shirohayabusa]
Norwegian (Norsk) Jaktfalk
Polish (Polski) białozór
Russian (русский язык) Кречет
Spanish (Español) Halcón Gerifalte
Swedish (Svenska) Jaktfalk
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