Ivory Gull

About the Ivory Gull

The Ivory Gull is a small species of gull that breeds in the arctic. It has a circumpolar distribution through Greenland, northernmost North America and Eurasia. In the fall it migrates only short distances south, but some birds reach more temperate areas. Occasionally a bird will travel further south than usual, as was the case in November 2009 when an Ivory Gull was seen at Cape May, New Jersey USA.

Ivory Gulls are completely white, with a thick blue bill that has a yellow tip. It is known to follow polar bears and other predators to scavenge on the remains of their prey.

The population trend for the Ivory Gull is decreasing, and the conservation status as of November 2014 is Near Threatened. Climate change, environmental toxins, and hunting are some of the threats facing this species.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 04 December 2009
Scientific Name
Pagophila eburnea
  • Charadriiformes
  • Laridae
  • Pagophila
  • P. eburnea
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Near Threatened (as of 5 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
15.7 to 16.9 inches
42.5 to 47.2 inches
15.8 to 24.2 ounces



From IUCN Red List:
The Ivory Gull is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2012 by BirdLife International. This species has declined rapidly in parts of its range, but its status in other areas is poorly known. A number of factors are likely to be contributing to declines, including climate change, pollution and increasing human intrusion or hunting within breeding areas. It is currently considered Near Threatened; but further surveys are required in order to clarify the true magnitude of declines.

International Names

Chinese (汉语) 白鸥
Czech (Cesky) Racek Snéžní
Danish (Dansk) Ismåge
Dutch (Nederlands) Ivoormeeuw
Finnish (Suomi) Jäälokki
French (Français) Mouette Blanche
German (Deutsch) Elfenbeinmöwe
Italian (Italiano) Gabiano Ebureno
Japanese (日本語) ゾウゲカモメ (Zougekamome)
Korean (한국어) 북극흰갈매기
Norwegian (Norsk) Ismåke
Polish (Polski) Mewa Modrodzioba
Russian (русский язык) Белая чайка
Spanish (Español) Gaviota Marfileña
Swedish (Svenska) Ismås
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