Rock Pigeon

About the Rock Pigeon

Also known as: Feral Pigeon, Domestic Pigeon, City Dove, City Pigeon, Pigeon

The Rock Pigeon is a member of the bird family Columbidae, doves and pigeons. It has a restricted natural resident range in western and southern Europe, North Africa, and into southwest Asia. Its habitat is natural cliffs, usually on coasts. Its domesticated form, the feral pigeon, has been widely introduced elsewhere, and is common, especially in cities, over much of the world. In Britain, Ireland, and much of its former range, the Rock Pigeon probably only occurs pure in the most remote areas. A Rock Pigeon's life span is anywhere from 3 to 5 years in the wild to 15 years in captivity, though longer-lived specimens have been reported.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 15 September 2006
Scientific Name
Columba livia
  • Columbiformes
  • Columbidae
  • Columba
  • C. livia
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 8 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
12 to 14 inches
24 to 27 inches


International Names

Brazilian (Português brasileiro) Pombo-doméstico
Chinese (汉语) 原鸽
Czech (Cesky) Holub Skalní
Danish (Dansk) Klippedue
Dutch (Nederlands) Rotsduif
Finnish (Suomi) Kesykyyhky
French (Français) Pigeon biset
German (Deutsch) Stadttaube
Italian (Italiano) Piccione Selvatico
Japanese (日本語) カワラバト(ドバト) (Kawarabato)
Korean (한국어) 양비둘기 (Yangbidulgi), 집비둘기 (Jipbidulgi) or 비둘기 (Bidulgi)
Norwegian (Norsk) Bydue
Polish (Polski) Gołąb skalny
Russian (русский язык) Сизый голубь
Spanish (Español) Columba livia
Swedish (Svenska) Klippduva
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